Liquid Cooling

  • What is it?
    As the name suggests, liquid cooling technology uses liquid as a heat transfer mechanism. Two common liquid cooling technologies available on the market for servers are liquid immersion cooling and direct to chip liquid cooling. The former involves immersion of the whole server directly into a bath of non-conductive chemical fluid or oil, and is the most efficient at heat transfer with thermal energy from components dissipated directly into the surrounding fluid. The latter uses pipes to transport cold fluid into and around the server chassis. Heat is then transferred from components to the liquid within the pipes via conductive copper plates, and the heated liquid is then circulated back outside the server and converted back into cold liquid or steam to be re-used.

  • Why you need it?
    Liquid cooling is more efficient at heat transfer than traditional air-cooling systems, so it is often used for cooling servers that generate a high amount of heat, such as in data centers for servers that perform a high amount of computation for artificial intelligence or simulation. Compared to air cooling which requires fans and heat sinks to assist in heat dissipation, liquid cooling allows for these components to be removed and also does not require extra space to be reserved for air flow, allowing for a reduced size footprint which can be used to greatly increase CPU and GPU density, increasing the potential for more computing power capabilities in a limited space. Liquid cooling technology also reduces energy consumption which allows for a better data center PUE (Power Usage Efficiency) to be achieved.

  • How is GIGABYTE helpful?
    GIGABYTE is working together with multiple industry partners to offer a variety of liquid cooling solutions for our server products, from single-phase oil immersion cooling and two-phase liquid immersion cooling to direct liquid cooling. Providing a variety of differet solutions allows us to best meet the individual needs of each of our customers.

    One recent successful application has been the use of direct liquid cooling with a new GIGABYTE HPC cluster deployment into a large European aerospace center. GIGABYTE's H261-Z60 Hyper-Converged Infrastructure (HCI) server together with a CoolIT direct liquid cooling (DLC) system was used to build the new cluster, providing up to twice the maximum compute power of competing products on the market, allowing the use of space within the data center to be reduced by 50%, and meeting the customer's requirements of high speed compute capabilities in an ambient temperature environment of 40°C with no air conditioning equipment, in order to better meet the goals of energy efficiency and carbon reduction.

  • WE RECOMMEND
    R281-Z94

    Product

    R281-Z94
    H261-Z60

    Product

    H261-Z60
    RELATED ARTICLES
    Did You Know? GIGABYTE’s Servers Are Helping to Launch Europe’s Space Ambitions

    As environmental protection is becoming a pressing issue in recent years due to climate change and global warming, data centers – which traditionally consume a huge amount of electricity – are being designed to better meet the goals of energy efficiency and carbon reduction. When a national aerospace center in Europe wanted to expand their data center, with a requirement for servers that could maintain normal operation in an ambient temperature environment of 40°C without the need for air conditioning systems, GIGABYTE’s server team provided a solution with Hyper-Converged Infrastructure (HCI), combining compute, storage and networking into a single system, and equipped with liquid cooling technology to successfully overcome the harsh high temperature environment, enabling the data center to efficiently process an enormous amount of space-related research data within a limited space.

    [Video] GIGABYTE Server Liquid Cooling Solutions

    GIGABYTE can now offer various server platforms with liquid cooling technology, such as direct-to-chip liquid cooling (liquid to liquid or liquid to air), one-phase oil immersion or two-phase liquid immersion technologies. Liquid cooling systems can support a greater density of CPUs and GPUs, enabling better compute performance in a given amount of space, as well as helping customers to reduce their power consumption for cooling infrastructure, to achieve a better data center PUE.

    RELATED ARTICLES

    {{item.Topic}}

    {{item.Title}}

    {{item.SubTitle}}