How to Pick a Cooling Solution for Your Servers? A Tech Guide by GIGABYTE
As CPUs and GPUs continue to advance, they consume more power and generate more heat. It is vital to keep temperature control in mind when purchasing servers. A good cooling solution keeps things running smoothly without hiking up the energy bill or requiring persistent maintenance. GIGABYTE Technology, an industry leader in high-performance servers, presents this tech guide to help you choose a suitable cooling solution. We analyze three popular options—air, liquid, immersion—and demonstrate what GIGABYTE can do for you.
1. Air Cooling
A side view diagram demonstrating how heat is dissipated in an air-cooled data center. Servers must also be designed to facilitate airflow. They can be customized to provide greater protection against airborne contaminants that may cause equipment failure.
GIGABYTE’s air-cooled servers perform admirably even under the hefty workloads of pressure tests. This is because the chassis design has been optimized for ventilation; powerful fans and heat sinks have been installed at key positions; and the components are made from heat-resistant materials.
2. Liquid Cooling
A liquid-cooled server uses sealed cooling loops filled with coolant to dissipate heat. Thermal energy is transferred from the components to the coolant through cold plates; then, a heat exchanger removes the heat from the coolant to repeat the cycle.
With a liquid-to-air cooling solution, heat exchangers are fitted on the same rack as the liquid-cooled servers, and they transfer heat from the coolant into the “hot aisle” of the data center. This allows processors to be packed closely together, resulting in greater computing power. It also allows air-cooled and liquid-cooled servers to coexist in the same facility.
A liquid-to-liquid cooling system transfers heat from the coolant to the data center’s liquid supply, making it possible to pack servers even more densely together.
3. Immersion Cooling
Immersion cooling places servers directly in a bath of non-conductive liquid with a very low boiling point. Heat from the components causes the fluids to vaporize and disperse heat. The vapor is then cooled by a coil condenser and reverts to liquid form, which flows back into the bath to be reused. (Image provided by LiquidStack)
GIGABYTE’s Immersion Cooling POC Unit. It is compatible with 2U form factors and can be modified on request to be used with 1U or 4U servers.
Summary: Three Steps to Help You Pick a Suitable Cooling Solution
1. Energy consumption and heat dissipation
2. Availability of space and other resources
Semiconductor Giant Selects GIGABYTE’s Two-Phase Immersion Cooling Solution
GIGABYTE Technology has built a “two-phase immersion cooling solution” for one of Taiwan’s foremost semiconductor giants, to be used in its sustainable, future-proof “green HPC data centers”. Not only does the solution boost the performance of HPC processors by over 10%—which is crucial for the nanometer process technology used in IC foundries—it also reduces data center power consumption by 30% and lowers PUE below 1.08, which turns it into a role model of green computing that may be replicated in data centers around the world. This exemplary project demonstrates how GIGABYTE can support its clients’ CSR, ESG, and SDGs-related initiatives, and how GIGABYTE is working tirelessly to “Upgrade Your Life” with high tech while protecting our environment.
GIGABYTE 5G and Edge Solutions: The Servers of Choice for NVIDIA Aerial SDK, Taipei Music Center, ITRI and New Taipei Police
GIGABYTE’s “E-Series edge servers” are the fruition of GIGABYTE’s long history of providing 5G and edge computing solutions for key clients. The fist model of edge server was applied by NVIDIA to develop NVIDIA Aerial SDK, an framework for building 5G applications. In addition, GIGABYTE’s edge server solutions also played important roles in VR concerts hosted by Taipei Music Center and assisted New Taipei City Police Department to maintain public order during huge outdoor events.
Data Center Cooling: The Key to Green Computing and a Low-Carbon Transition
Japanese Telco Leader KDDI Invents Immersion Cooling Small Data Center with GIGABYTE
Japanese telco giant KDDI Corporation has invented a new class of data centers that are mobile and eco-friendly. These “container-type immersion cooling small data centers” will employ “single-phase immersion cooling” to reduce power consumption by 43% and lower the PUE below 1.07. GIGABYTE Technology drew from its years of experience in the telco sector to provide the R282-Z93 and R182-Z91 Rack Servers for KDDI to use as the management and GPU computing nodes in the data center. KDDI benefits from the servers’ powerful 3rd Gen AMD EPYC™ CPUs, the scalable, high-density configuration of NVIDIA® GPUs in small form factors, and the servers’ optimized compatibility with the liquid-based data center cooling solution. GIGABYTE’s participation in KDDI’s project is in line with GIGABYTE’s long-term CSR and ESG efforts, which are focused on working with global industry leaders to “Upgrade Your Life” with high tech while building a greener, more sustainable environment for our future.
Get the inside scoop on the latest tech trends, subscribe today!Get Updates